Surviving the “SILLY SEASON”


Ah Christmas or as we like to fondly call it “The Silly Season” is upon us!!!! It happens every year and every year we tell ourselves “This year I won’t over eat, I will make better food choices, I will pace myself with alcohol, I will get to bed at a reasonable hour”. However for most of us that seems to fall by the way side by the second week of December right.

Here’s how you can balance your wellness this holiday season.

  1. Stay hydrated. Always have a bottle of water with you at all times, just please don’t make it plastic!!!!!! Drink plenty of herbal tea (hot or cold) for variety and add some fruit slices to your water to infuse flavour & vitamins.
  2. When out at a Christmas function or dinner alternate between a glass of water and an alcoholic drink. Alcohol is very dehydrating!! Think sad skin the next day.
  3. If drinking alcohol choose wisely and stick to white spirits with lime and soda – these beverages contain a lot less sugar than wine and cocktails. REMEMBER ALCOHOL IS FULL OF EMPTY CALORIES AND SUGAR.
  4. If heading to a Christmas party it is always highly advisable to have a snack before you leave (and no a doughnut doesn’t count). Have a bowl of vegetable soup or some scrambled eggs and avocado or a small piece of grilled chicken with some grated vegetables or avocado.  Rice crackers with some tuna or salmon are also great. This will prevent you from reaching out to every platter of food that comes your way. I mean lets face it most of the food on those platters is deep-fried.
  5. Eat mindfully. There will always be another dinner or Christmas dinner.
  6. Try and stick to your routine as much as possible. Get to bed at a reasonable hour preferably around 10pm whenever possible. Every hour of sleep prior to midnight equals two hours after midnight.
  7. Getting to bed a reasonable hour also prevents the activation of the hormone GHRELIN known as our hunger hormone. When we aren’t getting sufficient sleep and we are feeling fatigued our brain and gut tells us we need fuel and unfortunately for most that means reaching for sugar for a quick fix.
  8. Whenever possible food prep is key. Spend two hours on a Sunday afternoon for example prepping food for the week ahead so that healthy nutritious food is ready to go after a long day.

Stay Healthy this Festive Season.


My Top Supplements For Wellness Support.


We all know that eating well is the first step to achieving health & wellness. However, due to environmental, work, family and emotional stresses etc in our daily lives our body needs extra support. This is where the addition of supplements targeted at specific aliments can be very beneficial.

The following blog post will focus on my top 6 supplements which I believe are beneficial  and supportive of our body.


Magnesium is an essential macronutrient known as the “Anti-Stress” & “Anti-Spasm” mineral. Magnesium is very depleted in our diets as it is stripped from soil and further removed via food processing. Alcohol, sugar and caffeine also decrease the amounts of magnesium within our body.


  • Production of energy within our body
  • Cardiovascular function
  • Stress management (stress increases excretion from the body)
  •  Relaxes skeletal muscle, blood vessels and the gastrointestinal tract
  • Anti-spasmodic
  • Protein & carbohydrate metabolism
  • DNA production & function
  • PMS support (irritability, fatigue, depression, water retention, menstrual cramps)
  • Nerve support
  • Assists in management of anxiety, nervousness, insomnia, depression
  • Assists in the management of constipation as it helps relax the bowel wall
  • Aids in muscular recovery especially following strenuous exercise
  • Helpful in the management of migraines and headaches

Food Sources

  • Seafood
  • Dark leafy greens
  • Kelp
  • Nuts (almonds, pecans, cashews, brazil nuts)
  • Seeds (pumpkin, sunflower)
  • Legumes
  • Soy flour & tofu
  • Wholegrains – Wheat bran/germ
  • Millet
  • Brown rice
  • Buckwheat
  • Avocados
  • Apricots
  • Dates, prunes
  • Blackstrap molasses

Interestingly 85% of magnesium is lost from grains when milling them into flour. Soaking & boiling also leaks magnesium levels. Oxalic acid in spinach and chard greens can stop the absorption of magnesium as does phytic acid in nuts hence why activated nuts are best where the phytic acid is removed.

It is best to take Magnesium supplements at bedtime or in-between meals for better absorption.

500-1000mg is a great supportive daily dose.

Vitamin D

Known as the “Sunshine” vitamin, Vitamin D is a hormone rather than a vitamin. Our skin (when exposed to UV rays), bloodstream, liver & kidneys all contribute to the formation of fully active Vitamin D3 levels in our body.


  • Regulates calcium metabolism and absorption
  • Decreases the excretion of calcium via the kidneys
  • Maintains the normal calcification of bones. Stimulates osteoclasts (bone cells) which take calcium out of bones, but also increases blood calcium levels which leads to bone calcification and health.
  • Stimulates reabsorption of calcium and phosphorous from bone. Helps put these minerals into teeth
  • Maintains normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus within the body
  • Works together with the parathyroid for calcium absorption
  • Has a role in blood clotting (regulated by calcium)
  • Involved in respiratory health
  • Involved in the production of gastric juices

If Vitamin D levels are low, blood levels of calcium and phosphorus decrease. As a consequence the body pulls these minerals from bones. This can then unfortunately lead to osteoporosis, rickets and osteomalacia.

Food Sources

  • Fish liver oils – Cod Liver Oil
  • Fatty fish, like tuna, mackerel, and salmon
  • Foods fortified with vitamin D, like some dairy products, orange juice, soy milk, and cereals
  • Beef liver
  • Cheese
  • Egg yolks of organic free range eggs

Minimum of 2000IU is required daily.


Zinc is an essential mineral which is involved in more body functions than any other mineral. Zinc is highly removed from soil, through food processing and the refining of grains. Naturally found in small amounts within the body at 2.0 to 2.5 grams in total, mainly in the liver, kidneys, lungs, red blood cells, pancreas, prostate, retina, lens and pituitary gland.


  • Growth & development
  • Maintenance of body tissues (essential for cross linking of elastin & collagen fibres within skin)
  • Hair health (deficiency associated with alopecia & brittle hair lacking pigment)
  • Sexual function & desire. Particularly necessary for the production of sperm and sperm motility as well as prostate health
  • Immune system support (white blood cell production and T cell production)
  • T cell secretion by the thymus gland which is primarily involved in immunity
  • Anti-viral activity
  • Essential for Vitamin A metabolism and maintenance of Vitamin A levels within the body
  • Detox of chemicals & metabolic irritants
  • Carbohydrate metabolism
  • Synthesis of DNA
  • Essential for the healing of skin tissue following surgery and burns
  • Aids oil gland function (think acne)
  • Energy production (involved in the Kreb Cycle = Energy)
  • Protein digestion
  • Necessary for the production of stomach acid and digestive enzymes
  • Involved in the removal of lactic acid from muscle metabolism – think strenuous exercise consequence
  • Important for normal insulin activity
  • Involved in taste sensation
  • Zinc has an anti-inflammatory function


  • Oysters
  • Red meat (beef, lamb, pork)
  • Liver
  • Fish (herring, tuna, anchovies)
  • Egg yolk
  • Wholegrains (whole wheat, rye, oats)
  • Chicken
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Ginger root
  • Pecans & brazil nuts (activated)
  • Split peas
  • Lima beans

Zinc absorption varies from 12-59% depending on body needs and stomach acid concentrations.

Recommended daily requirement 15-30mg

Vitamin C

Essential nutrient found only in fruit and vegetables, the highest level in uncooked food. One of the least stable vitamins, Vitamin C sacrifices itself and is willing to be damaged to save other vitamins. Vitamin C is more concentrated in different parts of the body – adrenal gland, pituitary, brain, ovaries, eyes and testes.


  • Immunity!!! I like to think of Vitamin C as a soldier standing guard and protecting us from any nasty invaders
  • Essential in the prevention of the common cold & flu
  • Vitamin C is vital in helping produce and maintain healthy collagen within skin allowing it to support body cells and tissues and bring more rapid healing to injured or ageing tissues (ageing skin, burns, fractures, bedsores, skin ulcers, wound healing). Hence great pre & post surgery along with zinc
  • One of the major Antioxidants – protecting our body from oxidative damage
  • Gives support & shape to the body
  • Maintenance of healthy blood vessels. Has a role in the prevention and treatment of Atherosclerosis and therefore reduction in the risk of heart disease. Studies have shown a reduction of platelet aggregation – an important factor in reducing the formation of plaque and clots
  • Stimulates adrenal function and the release of norepinephrine & epinephrine (adrenaline) however prolonged stress depletes Vitamin C
  • Assists with thyroid hormone production
  • Aids in cholesterol metabolism & its elimination
  • Vitamin C protects Vitamins A, B, B2, Folic Acid & B5 from oxidation
  • Vitamin C is involved in the process of detoxification. It reduces the side effects of such drugs – cortisone, aspirin and insulin.
  • Reduces toxicity of heavy metals – lead, mercury and arsenic
  • Vitamin C has a role in reducing histamine levels – think allergies and hayfever
  • Vitamin C is a natural laxative therefore helpful in cases of constipation
  • Essential in the absorption of iron
  • Has an anti-inflammatory action


  • Citrus fruits (lemon, orange, lime, tangerine, grapefruit)
  • Rosehip
  • Cherry
  • Papaya
  • Cantaloupe
  • Strawberry
  • Red & green capsicum
  • Broccoli
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Tomato
  • Asparagus
  • Parsley
  • Dark leafy greens & cabbage
  • Sprouted whole grains, seeds & beans

Recommended daily intake 500-1000mg

B Vitamins 

B vitamins are essential for an array of functions within our body. B vitamins are water soluble in nature and not stored well in the body hence required via our diets daily. Some B vitamins are produced within the body by microorganisms especially in the large intestine (bacteria, yeast, fungi & molds).

B1 – Thiamine

B2 – Riboflavin

B3 – Niacin

B5 – Pantothenic Acid

B6 – Pyridoxine

B9 – Folic Acid/Folate

B12 – Cobalamin


  • Functions as co-enzymes to catalyse many biochemical reactions within the body as such converting carbohydrates to glucose
  • Fat & protein amino acid metabolism
  • Essential for nervous system function & support
  • Relaxation & energy production/function especially within those whom are stressed & fatigued. Essential during times of increased stress, fatigue, anxiety, nervousness, insomnia & hyperactivity
  • Essential to hair, nail, skin, eye, liver & mucosal lining health. Signs of deficiency are dry itchy dermatitis rashes and cracks at the side of the mouth for example
  • Aids in the general muscle tone of the gastrointestinal tract. Allows the bowels to function most efficiently
  • PMS & menopause support and relief


  • Yeast
  • Germ & bran of cereal grains
  • Beans
  • Peas
  • Nuts
  • Liver
  • Leafy greens

Recommended daily intake 50-100mg


Probiotics are live bacteria also known as ‘microbiome’ or ‘live microorganisms’. This population of microbiome comprises groups including Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. As well as bacteria, certain yeasts may be used as probiotics.

The word ‘probiotics’ itself is born from the marriage of two Latin words pro and biota, which together mean ‘for life’; it’s a fitting definition, considering your body contains such a huge volume of microorganisms – this number is thought to outnumber your body’s cell count by ten-fold.


  • 80% of our immunity is in our GUT therefore without a healthy microbiome the incidence of illness increases. I am not just talking colds, flu & bronchitis but cancer, arthritis, auto-immune illness, skin issues & mood stabilisation/disorders such as anxiety & depression
  • Improved digestion & absorption of nutrients from the food we eat
  • Increased energy from production of vitamin B12
  • Probiotics destroy candida – harmful yeasts which cause havoc on our body
  • Aids in healing leaky gut syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease
  • Assists and encourages proper bowel clearance
  • Antibiotic associated diarrhoea
  • Weight loss
  • Production of Vitamin K2, Enzymes, B-Vitamins and SCFA Butyrate
  • Modulation of the IgA and IgG immune cells, B & T Cells and our inflammatory response
  • Crowding out the “bad bacteria”, yeasts and fungi


  • Organic dairy such as yoghurt
  • Fermented vegetables (Kim chi, sauerkraut)
  • Milk kefir
  • Water Kefir
  • Kombucha
  • Miso

It is important to note that probiotics are strain specific, meaning that certain strains work best for particular aliments. Therefore it is always best to seek the assistance of a professional health care practitioner such as an Acupuncturist, Naturopath, Nutritionist etc.

Practitioner only supplements are also more superior in their quality.

Probiotic strengths vary from 25 Billion to 500 Billion.

Whats up with Seed Cycling……


I became intrigued in the topic of Seed Cycling after seeing the Seed Rotation picture on blogs and social media posts. I wanted to research into it further and see what the theory was behind it. Here is my understanding of this hormone rebalancing method to get periods back on track!!!

The environments that we live and work in are optimal for disrupting our hormone levels. Hormonal disrupters are abundant;

  • ●  Pesticides & Herbicides
  • ●  Environmental Toxins
  • ●  EMF’s (Electromagnetic Fields)
  • ●  Electric lighting which interferes with sleep inducing hormones
  • ●  Xenoestrogens in plastics
  • ●  Chemicals in cosmetics
  • ●  Fast food and sugar
  • ●  Food Sensitivities
  • ●  GUT Imbalances
  • ●  Caffeine
  • ●  Alcohol
  • ●  Hormone injected meats and poultry
  • ●  Medication
  • ●  Stress leading to elevated cortisol levels

    The above disruptors cause Oestrogen Dominance and an array of issues. For more information on this topic please read my previous post on PMS “The Dreaded Monthly”.

    Now getting back to seed rotation. This method of hormone regulation helps balance the menstrual cycle by using different seeds at different times of the menstrual cycle either to boost oestrogen in the first half of the cycle or progesterone during the second half of the month.

    The method of rotating seeds can be useful for any female experiencing irregular periods, menorrhagia (heavy periods), amenorrhea (no periods), PMS, acne flares and cramping. The technique is also useful for females experiencing perimenopausal symptoms.



    From Day 1 to 15 (first day of blood loss to ovulation) oestrogen is required to build up the endometrium lining (uterus lining) which is eventually sheds when the period arrives. This stage of the menstrual cycle is known as the Follicular Phase, the oestrogen boosting seeds required being flaxseeds and pumpkin seeds. Flaxseeds and Pumpkin Seeds contain lignans which contain chemicals which bind up excess hormones and block the harmful type of oestrogen. Pumpkin seeds are high in the mineral zinc, which amongst many other functions, promotes the release of progesterone. They also have phyto-oestrogenic properties, enzyme alpha-5 reductase, which helps to modulate androgen levels (good also in PCOS) + phytosterols. The omega 3 oils contained in pumpkin seeds also act as an anti-inflammatory and the essential fatty acids (EFA) provide the building blocks required to make hormones.


The second part of the cycle known as the Luteal Phase runs from days 15 to 30 (ovulation until the end of the cycle). The corpus leteum (temporary endocrine structure involved in ovulation) begins to release progesterone which is known as our happy, calm inducing hormone. Progesterone helps thicken the uterus lining and prepares it for implantation should that occur. Sunflower seeds contain the mineral selenium, which is a potent antioxidant that helps the liver detoxification process of excess hormones and protects reproductive tissues and cells. They also contain phytosterols & fibre and promote progesterone. Sesame seeds are high in lignans, antioxidants, EFAs & phytosterols.

If you are perimenopausal or not menstruating seed rotation can still be useful. In this case use flax seeds and pumpkin seeds for 15 days followed by sunflower & sesame seeds over the next 15 days. Should you be menopausal the seed combination is up to you however it’s ideal to still maintain the 15 day turn over.

It’s important to note that the seeds must be freshly ground in order for better absorption and bioavailability. Allow for 3 to 4 menstrual cycles to gain the benefits of seed cycling.


Oestrogen Dominance

Progesterone Deficiency

  • ●  PMS
  • ●  Sore/Tender Breasts
  • ●  Fluid Retention
  • ●  Hair Loss
  • ●  Headaches
  • ●  Weight Gain
  • ●  Fibroids
  • ●  Cysts
  • ●  Endometriosis
  • ●  Breast & Ovarian Cancer
  • ●  Anxiety
  • ●  Depression
  • ●  Insomnia
  • ●  Menstrual Headaches
  • ●  Infertility
  • ●  Miscarriages

Organic Flax Seeds Organic Pumpkin Seeds

1 tablespoon each freshly ground raw flax seeds and pumpkin seeds daily.

Organic Sunflower Seeds Organic Sesame Seeds

1 tablespoon each freshly ground raw sunflower and sesame seeds daily.

How does this relate to Chinese Medicine?


In TCM seeds are said to help tonify and strengthen the kidneys and Jing (essence) which is the basis of our reproductive development and growth according to Chinese Medicine Principles. TCM practitioners will often recommend our kidney deficient patients eat black sesame seeds to support and strengthen kidney essence. Seeds are great for fertility, after all you need a seed to create a seed don’t you?

“The Dreaded Monthly”


For some reason females are lead to believe from a young age that with periods come pain, emotional upheaval and chocolate cravings.

The truth is that females are meant to bleed every month without an array of unwanted signs & symptoms. The uncomfortable “add on’s” that tag along are in fact signs of disharmony. Common symptoms females experience are

  • Headaches
  • GUT bloating
  • Emotional up’s & downs from crying over a television commercial to wanting to poke a fork in someone’s eyes
  • Lower back pain
  • Sore/tender breasts
  • Food cravings in particular sweet
  • Constipation
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Skin breakouts
  • Fluid retention
  • Painful periods

In Chinese Medicine menstruation is initiated by the Kidneys, which are responsible for our growth, development and reproduction. The essence of the Kidneys known as ‘Jing’ is the origin for the formation menstrual blood.

Once the period comes the Spleen, Liver & Heart hold very important functions and are responsible for a healthy menstrual flow every month.

Spleen ~ Although the Heart governs blood and the Liver stores blood according to Chinese Medicine principles it is the Spleen that controls the blood. In fact it is the Spleen, which keeps blood in the vessels. The Qi (vital energy) of the Spleen is what holds organs in their position. In the case of menstruation Spleen Qi keeps the uterus in place, otherwise it would prolapse. The Spleen produces blood by extracting Qi from the food consumed (post-natal Qi) and forms blood in the Heart with the help of (original Qi) from the Kidneys.

Heart ~ Just as Western Medicine views the Heart’s function as circulating blood, Chinese Medicine also views the Heart as governing blood the same way. The Heart has a direct connection to the Uterus and along with Kidney ‘Essence’ and the Qi extracted from the food we eat the Heart forms menstrual blood too. The Heart sends its blood to the uterus in preparation for menses. If Heart Qi doesn’t descend Heart blood to the uterus menstruation does not occur.

Liver ~ The Liver stores the blood according to Chinese Medicine principles. At times of movement it moves blood from the vessels into the muscles and organs and at times of rest back into the vessels. In terms of menstruation the Uterus stores menstrual blood, which is mainly received from the liver. The Liver also represents the connection between menstrual blood and normal blood. Most importantly Liver Qi moves blood for menstruation to occur.

When looking at PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) a disharmony in the following organs causes the preceding symptoms.

Liver Qi Stagnation –>  Sore/Tender breasts, emotional up’s & down’s, constipation, headaches, GUT disturbances, skin breakout, irregular period, painful periods known as dysmenorrehea.

Spleen Deficiency –> GUT disturbances such as bloating (along with the liver), sweet cravings, fatigue, excessive blood loss known as menorrhagia (spleen not holding blood in the vessels).

Kidney Deficiency –> Lower back pain, constipation, fluid retention.

Kidney Jing ‘essence’ Deficiency –> Amenorrhea (no period)

Heart Blood Deficiency –> No period, insomnia -which heightens prior to menstruation.

Helpful PMS Tips

 Acupuncture & Massage

Regular treatments are always important and essential for overall health maintenance and wellbeing. Having a treatment a week or a few days prior to menstruation really helps prepare and strengthen the body for blood loss and encourages the smooth flow of Qi to prevent PMS.


B6 ~ Helps break down inactive oestrogen. Oestrogen dominance is responsible for much of PMS (nervous tension, anxiety, mood swings, cramps etc). B6 is also a diuretic helping with fluid retention.

Evening Primrose Oil ~ Contains essential fatty acids (gamma-linolenic acid & linoleic acid) which influence prostaglandin activity leading to a reduction in cramps and other premenstrual symptoms such as breast tenderness.

 Magnesium ~ Relaxes muscles hence assisting with premenstrual headaches, overall muscular tightness and menstrual cramps. This essential mineral also assists with depression, anxiety, mood swings, fatigue & increased an appetite.

Vitamin D ~ Vitamin D is not a vitamin but in fact a hormone hence essential for hormonal balance.

Vitamin E ~ Fat soluble vitamin which oxygenates tissue and protects unsaturated fatty acids, sex hormones and other fat soluble vitamins from oxidation. Improves tension, irritability, depression, headaches, insomnia & breast tenderness.

 Vitex ~ A herb which has an affect on stimulating and harmonizing pituitary gland function especially progesterone function. Its main strengths are in harmonizing the female sex hormones and in correcting imbalances which present is dysmenorrhea and other premenstrual symptoms.

Dong Qui ~ Chinese herb extremely effective at regulating female hormonal imbalances, oedema, insomnia & depression. Dong Qui main function is in nourishing blood.

Essential Oils

Rub the following essential oils on the abdomen mixed in the some base oil such as almond oil. Clary sage (balances hormones) Lavender (relieves stress, tension, pain, headaches), Peppermint (nausea, headaches) Chamomile (balances female reproductive system, assists with cramps, induces relaxation).


Exercise encourages Qi movement hence helps with the management of stress levels, and tension. By encouraging Qi movement menstrual cramps are also prevented and relieved. Gentle forms of exercise such as walking, yoga or Pilates are best, nothing heavy or strenuous!!!!


  • Reduce refined sugar as too systemically inflammatory.
  • Increase green leafy vegetables to support the detox function of the liver hence supporting the removal of excess ostrogen from the body.
  • Reduce intake of cold, raw foods, dairy and fried greasy foods as they are too difficult for the spleen to break down and process hence leading to further spleen deficiencies.

Increase intake of good fats. avocado, olive oil, coconut oil and milk, nuts and seeds and oily fish for their anti inflammatory actions & hormonal support. Good fats also regulate mood hence great for stabilizing anxiety and depression.

  • Increase intake of herbal teas such as chamomile to reduce nervous tension and abdominal cramps. Lavender tea to reduce irritation and tension. Ginger to assist with any digestive issues such as nausea and bloating and dandelion to support the liver. Fennel tea is also great to assist with flushing out excess fluid, which may be sitting in the tissues.

 Keep Warm

Cover up and protect your lower back and abdominal region from the cold weather. This is essential to support the kidneys and prevent further menstrual cramping.

Menstruation is a part of life but it doesn’t have to cause misery every month. Implementing some of the above tips can make the world of difference.










Think Zinc……


Zinc is a trace mineral that is very important for our overall health and wellbeing having a multitude of functions and potential uses, yet is largely underrated in its importance particularly by the Western Medical Profession. Unfortunately, there is virtually no zinc in Australian soil as it has been removed with the high use of super-phosphate fertilizers and stripped from our food due to processing and manufacturing.

Zinc must be consumed each day as there is no particular ‘storage system’ for it in the body and depletion in this mineral can produce a variety of symptoms. Only small traces of zinc are found in the body – approximately 2.0 to 2.5 grams in total.

Zinc absorption might vary from 12% to 59% of ingested zinc depending on the individuals GUT health, their stomach acid concentrations and how much their body needs at the time. In the body the 2.0-2.5gm of zinc is stored in the tissues however predominantly in skeletal muscle and bone (85%). The next concentrated tissues are the heart, spleen, lungs, brain, adrenal glands and the retina of the eye. The skin contains a good amount of zinc but in fewer concentrations than other tissues. Zinc is also found in teeth, hair and nails and hence why this mineral is so important in the health and maintenance of these tissues.

Zinc is essential for normal growth and development, the maintenance of body tissues, sexual function, skin healing and repair, immune system function and the detoxification of chemicals and metabolic irritants. Carbohydrate metabolism is influenced by zinc and it is required in the synthesis of DNA, which aids in the body’s healing process. Zinc is also essential along with Vitamin C to reduce healing time following surgery or burns and many prostate issues.

Lets now look at the benefits of Zinc in more detail.

Health Benefits of Zinc

Immune Support : Zinc helps activate immune cells in the body. Having low zinc levels may make you more susceptible to pathogens and hence prone to illness (think colds, influenza etc). Zinc improves antibody response and cell mediated immunity by helping regulate the function of the white blood cells.

Diarrhoea Prevention: Zinc may help treat and prevent mild diarrhoea in individuals. It is assumed that this is due to the infection-fighting nature of zinc in the body.

Learning and Memory Support: Research conducted in America states that zinc plays an important role in regulating how neurons communicate with one another in the brain. This in turn affects how memories are formed and how we learn.

Hormone Balancing: Zinc plays an important role in hormone production, including increasing testosterone naturally. Zinc is important to male sex organ function and reproductive fluids. It may also help female sex hormones (oestrogen and progesterone) and is also involved in both the creation and release of eggs.

Cardiovascular Health: Zinc is required to help maintain the health of cells in the cardiovascular system, while also lowering inflammation and oxidative stress. It helps maintain heart health by supporting healthy circulation and cholesterol levels in the body.

Liver Health: Zinc can help with a liver cleanse to reduce inflammation within the liver, reduces free radical damage, helps with nutrient absorption in the GUT and allows for proper waste elimination.

Muscle Growth and Repair: Zinc plays a crucial role in both cell division and growth. This means that zinc helps repair and grow muscle by allowing the body to heal itself and maintain strength within the muscular and skeletal systems. Zinc also has an anti-inflammatory function especially within the muscles and joints and artery lining.

 Vitamin A Levels + Skin Health: Zinc is thought to help utilize and maintain Vitamin A levels within the body. Vitamin A along with Zinc are essential in mucus membrane health, skin cell health and thus may be helpful in generating new skin following burns and injury. Via zinc’s function of assisting collagen production, zinc may also improve wound healing. Zinc aids skin’s oil gland function and as a result will assist in the maintenance and repair of acne conditions. Please note white spots on the nails aren’t related to a calcium deficiency as many may think, they are in fact related to a zinc deficiency.

Digestive Health: Zinc plays a role in digestion, in particular protein digestion. Zinc also has a role in insulin activity and a deficiency in the mineral has been found to be related to a lack of taste sensations.

Antioxidant Function: It is now known that Zinc has some antioxidant properties being part of superoxide dismutase, which helps protect cells from free radical damage. Through this antioxidant role zinc is also beneficial in cell membrane structure and function.

Food Sources of Zinc: Overall most animal food sources have adequate levels of zinc. Oysters are especially high with 10 times the amount of other sources.

Other sources: beef, lamb, pork, liver, herring, blueberries, capsicum, egg yolks, ginger, seafood, sunflower and pumpkin seeds, whole grains, rye, oats, yeast. Note that grains have most of their zinc content stripped because of manufacturing.

Daily Requirement Levels

0-6 months 2.0mg

7-12 months 3mg

1-3 years 3mg

4-8 years 4mg

Boy’s 9-13 years 6mg

14-18 years 13 mg

Girl’s 9-13 years 6mg

14-18 years 7mg

Women 8mg

Male 14mg

Pregnancy and lactating 12mg

The above nutrient reference levels for Australians and New Zealand are according to the Australian Government National Health and Medical Reference Council.

However, the majority of practitioner only Zinc supplements for adults have 25-30 + mg of zinc which is much superior level for optimal health and wellbeing. Taking zinc 2 hours away from meals or first thing in the morning increases absorption levels. It is particularly important to avoid taking zinc along side a meal of oats and other grains as the phytates and fibres in the grain reduce absorption.

If you are suffering from any of the above aliments definitely think ZINC!!! Seek the help of a professional natural medicine practitioner to get the right advice and supplement requirement. Practitioner supplements unlike those found in supermarkets are at therapeutic level.









Emotions according to Chinese Medicine…..


Emotions hold much importance in Chinese Medicine. Acupuncturists and Chinese Medicine practitioners don’t view emotions as a separate area, but inclusive in an individuals overall health and wellbeing. When consulting patients even if they are seeking treatment for a sore shoulder I always ask about my patients emotional state. It may seem irrelevant to the patient at the time however my role as their Acupuncturist is to evaluate all aspects of their health – physical, mental and emotional. Emotional wellbeing is an integral part of an individuals overall health and wellness.

In Chinese Medicine each organ is associated with an emotion which when unbalanced causes specific signs and symptoms. Emotions are a natural part of everyday life. It is perfectly normal to experience various emotions throughout a day, we can experience joy only to feel frustrated hours later. Problems arise when emotions become excessive or repressed and shoved aside. It is at this point where illness begins to arise. As an example when holding on to anger over a long period of time temporal headaches may begin to occur frequently.

Sometimes when a particular organ is unbalanced an emotion may arise. However, emotional imbalance can disrupt the organ as well. A very common cause of emotional imbalance is repressed emotions. If emotions aren’t being expressed what occurs is that this internalisation leads to stagnation of Qi (Energy) flow leading to the development of disease and disharmony within the body.

The thing with emotions is that they dont have avenues for release and therefore if they aren’t allowed to be expressed and released can create disease in the body showing up as a physical sign or symptom.

Lets look at 5 Yin organs and the emotions they are linked…

Emotion – Joy
If emotion is out of balance – Feelings of being unsettled, easily startled, mental restlessness, lack of enthusiasm, lack of vitality, feelings of depression and melancholy, insomnia, confusion and anxiety. Bitter taste in mouth all day, tongue ulcers at tip.
If organ is out of balance – Insomnia, palpitations, spontaneous sweating, excessive dreaming, poor memory and concentration, dizziness.

Emotion – Worry
If emotion is out of balance – Overthinking, focusing on a particular thought constantly.
Organ out of balance – Tired, lack of appetite, bloating/abdominal distention, loose stools, poor digestion, mucus/phlegm formation, difficulty concentrating and focusing, weakness of muscles, pale lips, mentrual issues such as excessive bleeding, oedema, craving sweets, possible prolapse of organs.

Emotion – Sadness
Emotion out of balance – Excessive sadness and grief, lots of tears/crying.
Organ out of balance – Shortness of breath, cough, pale complexion, tiredness, low immunity hence easily catches colds, sore throat, runny nose, headaches, chest oppression/fullness, dry skin, weak voice, cold hands, dull hair.

Emotion – Fear
Emotion out of balance – Feeling fearful even without danger or reason, no or lack of willpower, feeling insecure.
Organ out of balance – Weak/brittle bones, frequent urination, urinary incontinence, fertility issues, breathlessness, chronic asthma, poor hearing, tinnitus, early greying of hair, hair loss, vertigo, night sweats, lower back and knee pain, short term memory loss, dry mouth.

Emotion – Anger
Emotion out of balance – Anger, feelings of frustration and irritability, restentment, bitterness, mooodiness.
Organ out of balance – Menstrual issues such as pain + blood clotting, bitter taste in mouth, chest distention, red face, ringing of ears, yellow jaundice complexion, headaches especially temporal in location, nausea, vomiting, excessive sighing, breast tenderness, blurred vision/floaters in front of eyes, dry skin and hair.

The above information is extremely valuable to Chinese Medicine practitioners in determining where our patients disharmony is occurrring and hence our course of treatment. This includes providing patient lifestyle advice which encompasses diet, movement/exercise advice and stress management.

Chinese Medicine is centred around balance and flow. There is an old Chinese proverb that states “Where there is free flow, their is no pain, where there is pain there is no free flow” and hence where the basis of its philosophy lies.





Sunscreen isn’t just for the warmer months…..


Wearing sunscreen should no longer be something you only do in summer or when you know you will be outside for a few hours. The incidence of melanoma is now 1 in 12 in Australia and this statistic is consistency on the rise!!! I find those numbers really unsettling!!!  If you think that getting skin cancer is something that won’t happen to you, think again…..I’ve unfortunately seen it first hand. A close family member was diagnosised with a melanoma last year which as you can imagine was devasting.

The two most important reasons for wearing an SPF daily are
~ Skin Cancer/Burn (UVB rays )
~ Skin Aging/damage (UVA rays)

UV rays cause sunburn and sun damage by inducing cellular damage to DNA. Both the U.S Department of Health & Human Services and WHO (World Health Organiation) have identified UV as a human carcinogen. Hence, there is no such thing as a “safe tan” unless its out of a bottle. In fact a tan is a sign of DNA damage. Its actually the result of a chemical reaction in your body as it tries (& fails) to protect itself from UV light.

There are two types of sunscreens avaliable

~ Physical Blockers
~ Chemical Blockers

Physical Blockers are mainly made up from Zinc and Titanium Dioxide and work by reflecting UV light off the skin. Chemical Blockers however work by absorbing light into the skin and via a chemical process protect skin from UV damage. When purchasing a sunscreen you should always aim for one stating that it is “broad spectrum” meaning it offers protection from UVA & UVB rays. Interestingly enough SPF is only relevant to UVB rays.

There’s still a lot of misinformation and misunderstanding surrounding sunscreen in particular the level of protection it offers and it’s application.

Lets look at some misconceptions regarding sunscreen.

1. One of the frequently asked questions i get asked from my clients is if they are wearing a moisturiser with an SPF 15 and a tinted moisturiser with an SPF 15 does that mean they have SPF 30 protection? The simple answer is no!! SPF doesn’t accumulate.

2. Sunscreen isnt 100% water proof but water resistant hence why it must be reapplied once you have been in the water.

3. Individuals with dark skin still need protection from the suns rays!!! Darker skin might not be as vulnerable to UV rays but it doesnt mean that it won’t burn and possibly get skin cancer.

4. There’s a reason why sunscreen has a use by date….Its capacity decreases over time and if left in the sun while you are out in the water (as so many do) it goes off. Please be sure to repurchase.

5. Another frequently asked question i get is “If I wear a SPF 30 instead of a SPF 15 that means im getting double the protection right? Ah no is the short answer!! The difference between them is around 1%. The same goes for a SPF 50 against a SPF 30.

It still surprises me that people have no idea how to apply sunscreen in order for it to work as it should.

~ Sunscreen should be applied 20 minutes prior to you stepping out into the sun, as it takes that long for the ingredients to start working.
~ Approximatey the size of a 20 cent piece of sunscreen should be applied per limb and for your back and décolletage/abdominal region aim for 2 tablespoons. Aim for 1 teaspoon for the face and neck.
~ Remember to reapply according to manufactures instructions. There’s no such thing as all day protection!
~ The order of application for us ladies would be Cleanse, Serum (if using), moisturiser, sunscreen and makeup if applying.
~ Please dont forget to thoroughly cleanse at the end of the day as sunscreen loves to get into pores and can lead to blockages. If prone to breakouts from sunscreen always look for non comedogenic formulas.

There’s been a lot of unfortunate news of late about reactions and chemical burns occurring from sunscreen application. Ive seen this first hand as my mum had a bad reaction to sunscreen last year on her face which lasted two weeks and required antihistamines and cortisone cream application as few times daily. In my experience and please dont take this as gospel, physical sunscreen is less reactive. If sensitive please do a test patch prior to applying your sunscreen to a larger area to avoid any nasty issues.

Make sunscreen part of your daily skin care routine.